The Role of Napa Carneros Terrain
The Effect of Napa Carneros Terrain on Grape Growing
However, there are a few areas in Carneros that are protected from much of the moderating influence of the bay. Artesa Winery and Carneros Creek are located on Dealy Lane in a narrow canyon in the northern part of the AVA.
The soil in the Napa Valley side of Carneros made of shallow clay and is very unfertile. The ground does not retain water very well and irrigation is required on many properties. This naturally lean soil profile restricts excess growth on the vines.
Many of the vines in the southern part of the AVA are planted on land that was originally marsh and has since been drained. This terrain is very flat, and there is very little to shield the vines from the San Pablo Bay’s wind and fog. Pinot Noir and Chardonnay thrive in this part of the region.
There have been some recent efforts to restore parts of the region to the original environment. Acacia Winery has done a lot to bring native birds back to the land.
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